Photo Basic 1 – Settings

Okay let’s get started to learn a little bit together about the art of taking pictures.

There are already a lot of websites which are telling us how to make good pictures, but i would like to swap some experience and some knowledge with you about this topic. I hope you are open to give all of us some usefull feedback so that we can get all better in that what we love.


In the beginning of course we need to talk about the basic settings of every DSLR-Camera. As i just started reading about the art of taking pictures i really had a headache. I thought i will never understand it. Almost the joy about taking pictures was gone but than i don’t know how but than there was a moment i realized that i understood it! Maybe it was the moment my 9 years old nephew was playing instinctively with the camera and was asking questions about how to take pictures. So in this moment as i explained him in pictures how to do it, i realized i understood and my knowledge about the art of photogaphy is not as little as i thought.

So let’s get started with the basic 3



Shutter Speed:

Shutter speed is the first number on the top left side you see if you look on the screen of your camera. With the shutter speed you can decide how long the shutter will be open for taking the pictures. If the shutter is open a long time a lot of light is entering the sensor of your camera it means that your picture is getting brighter. But the negativ side is that the camera is also more sensitive to movements, so the pictures can get blur (Which you may want in some pictures). The lensa of a camera is working like our human eyes so if we open our eyes just for a very part of a second and shake our head to the same time we still have a quite clear picture of what we see. But on the other hand if we open our eyes longer while shacking our head we wouldn’t get a clear picture, it would be blur, that is the magic about shutter speed 😉

If you take pictures on a bright day 125/1 to 200/1 may be enough for you to take good pictures. If you want to take pictures of the stars or a creative city by night picture you need a long shutter speed that a lot of light can get into the sensor, but don’t forget for that kind of pictures the camera has to be on something whitout movements like a tripod.

If you wanne take pictures of something moving fast like milk which is poured into a glass the shutter speed shoud be fast, so just the very moment is getting taken. For pictures like pouring over try a fast shutter speed with the serial picture function, so you can’t miss your shoot.


Aperture (F) is the part which has the function a lot of us love a lot to make everything we don’t need blur or on the other side to make the one we want very focused on the picture.

So with the shutter speed we can decide what we want to show if we take portraits it would be nice if the aperture is little so that we can focus on the person we wanne shoot and the background which is not important is not disturbing the viewer BUT can give us a nice backround color/ scheme.

If we take pictures with higher aperture we can show our object as well as the background. But in most pictures it would’t give us the “kick”, it would be a little bit like a normal poket camera. But i don’t wan’t to say we never need higher aperture, it’s always depending on the style of pictures we take. Like i am focusing on food so for the 45 degree pictures i will take an aperture 3 but for pictures from the top sometimes you will take a aperture which is around 6 – 7 to show the different levels on your table or so on.

Shutter Speed and aperture are playing together, both of it can compensate the other one. So if the brightness you just have is okay but you need a faster shutter speed you can turn up the shutter speed and turn down the aperture to get exactly the same brightness.

So to explain it simple: imagine you are in a dark room and open a window, you can decide about how much light is getting into the room about two settings one is the time of opening the window (shutter speed) and the other one is how far you open the window (aperture)


This setting can’t be explained in an easy way because it is an electronic support to bright up the pictures. So what i can say about this is: Try to hold it as small as you can, because as higher it is as worse is getting the quality of your picture. My personal max. is 1.600 because the quality is it not worth again to take pictures with higher ISO.


So just try it a little bit to understand this 3 most important settings from your camera. And don’t forget photography is about light!



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